1-1/2 teaspoons baking soda
3 teaspoons cream of tartar
2 teaspoons cornstarch
Combine the baking soda, cream of tartar, and cornstarch and use in the recipe as you would the baking powder.
And here’s one last thing to remember. Moisture will make the baking powder loose its potency so never dip a damp measuring spoon into your container of Cream of tartar is an acidic by-product from the process of making wine. It's found in the sediment left behind in barrels after the wine has been fermented, and it gets purified into the powdery white substance that we use in baking.
(ground egg shells that are washed and dried)
Makes about 1/3 cup
1/4 cup of cream of tartar
2 tablespoons baking soda
Sift 1/4 cup cream of tartar and 2 tablespoons baking soda through fine strainer 3 times into small bowl.
Can be made 4 weeks ahead. Store airtight at room temperature.
Homemade Baking Powder may clump after it has been stored, so be sure to resift before using. Use in the same proportions as commercial baking powder.
1 Cup White Sugar
1 Tablespoon Molasses
Pour the sugar in a food processor and then drizzle the molasses over the top. Process until the two are thoroughly mixed (about 2 minutes) stopping to scrape the sides occasionally as needed.
If you don’t have a food processor you can also just combine the sugar and molasses in a mixing bowl and stir them together with a fork.
With a sauce pan bring the water to a boil.
Add the sugar and karo syrup if any,
Boil for about one minute.
Turn off the heat.
When the mixture is still slightly warm, add the vanilla and maple extract.
Put in a sealed container and refrigerate for later usage.
Sodium carbonate. (aka water softener)
But if you heat baking soda, its molecules react with one another to give off water and carbon dioxide and form solid sodium carbonate, which is proton-free. Just spread a layer of soda on a foil-covered baking sheet and bake it at 250 to 300 degrees for an hour.
Here are just a few of their end-uses (there are hundreds!): Soda ash (Na2CO3), or sodium carbonate, is used in the manufacture of glass, paper, rayon, soaps, and detergents. It is also used as a water softener, since carbonate can precipitate the calcium and magnesium ions present in "hard" water. Soda ash is also used to control pH (carbonate solutions neutralize acids, producing only carbon dioxide and water.
Calcium (how to make powdered eggshells):
- Wash empty eggshells in warm water until all of the egg white is removed, but do not remove the membrane because it contains important nutrients for the joints which helps arthritis.
- Lay broken pieces out on paper towels and allow them to air dry thoroughly.
- Break the eggshells up into small pieces, and grind them to into a fine powder in a food processor, blender, coffee grinder, or a nut mill, or put them in a plastic bag and use a rolling pin to grind them. Please note that some blenders will not grind the eggshell into a fine enough powder. A coffee grinder works the best.
- Store powdered eggshells in a covered glass jar or container. Keep it in a dry place, like the kitchen cupboard.